In the list below, the following codes are used to indicate audience/grade levels where this Teachnique, instructional tool, or item may be educationally suited:

P = Grades K-3 E = Elementary Grades 4-6 M = Middle School Grades 7-8
H = High School Grades 9-12 C = College or University I = Informal/Public Outreach
G = General Audiences

ASTRONOMY, CELESTIAL OBJECTS, AND TOOLS

History

Using Kepler’s Harmony of the Worlds to show planetary distances, eccentricities, and more for the visually impaired with sound, and to create the sounds (notes and chords) for the non-impaired – 4 HCIG
Cultural Astronomy in Your Hometown – 6 IG
An Antikythera Replica for the Classroom – 6 HC
A Historical Method Approach to Teaching Kepler’s 2nd Law – 17 C
We Know the Way: Learning the Secrets of Celestial Navigation from Ancient Travellers – 18 HC

General Observing

Start the School Year with Some Observations – 8 EMHCIG
Just Look Up (What can you see with just your eyes) – 11 EMHCIG
Astrophotography with a Smartphone – 12 IG
(IAU-Shaw) What Can You Do With Spectra? (Matchbox Spectroscope) – 13 EMHCI
Sky Lessons (Measuring Planet Separations in the Evening Sky) – 14 GI
{An App on Star Trails/Motions, within Smartphone Universes article) – 15 HC
Sky Lessons (Eyeball “Spectroscopy”) – 20 G
The Value of a Marathon (Naked Eye Messier Marathon) – 22 G

Sun

Eclipse Photography (and Out of Eclipse, too) – 3 G
What Color is the Sun? Or Any Other Star? – 9 EMHCG
Low Tech Ways to View the Sun – 12 EMHI
{An App on Eclipses, within Smartphone Universes article) – 15 HC
Mind Your Beeswax! (Things you can do with a Sun course, astronomical and cultural) – 16 GC
Ecliptic Motions of the Sun and Moon – 21 G

Solar System – General, Motions

Demonstrating Gravity on Other Worlds – 8 MHC
Using Jupiter to Demonstrate an Example of Kepler’s Third Law – 8 HC
Using the Calendar to Demonstrate Two Examples of Kepler’s Second Law; – 9 G
Programming Ozobots to Show Planetary Motions – 11 MHC
How Eccentric is Earth’s Orbit and Where is the Sun? (Misconceptions Check) – 13 C
{An App on Solar System Motions, within Smartphone Universes article) – 15 HC
Ecliptic Pachinko (Delineating the Ecliptic with Planetary positions and motions in December 2021/January 2022) – 15 GI
Ecliptic Motions of the Sun and Moon – 21 G (Sun-Redux – 22 G)
Using Phobos’ Eclipse of the Sun to Find the Sun’s Size – 23 G

Earth – The Planet and Its Motions

Determining Earth’s Size on Any Given Day – 2 HC
Earth’s Rotation Video, from its surface – 3 G
How the Earth Tilts (as seen from space) – 4 G
A Call to Join a Zooniverse Activity on CO2 effects on Mars and Earth – 4 G
LandSat Art – 5 GI
Teaching about No Planet B – 5 G
Observing Daily and Yearly Motions in the Sky – 11 PEMI
Low Tech Daytime Astronomy – Determining Earth’s Size; Sky Color and Sun’s Color – 12 MHI
An Observational Project for a Large Class —Determination of the Duration of the Sidereal Day – 17 C
The March Equinox (Worksheets, Information, Apps) – 22 CHMG

Moon

A Flat Moon? (A Demonstration to Show if the Moon is Flat or Spherical – 10 HC
What the Moon’s South Pole Looks Like (NASA Video, Project Artemis) — 12 G
The November 19th Nearly Total, Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse – What Can You Do Educationally? – 13 HCIG
(IAU-Shaw) The Moon – 13 G
We–Had–An Eclipse (Cell Phone Photography of Eclipse) – 14 G
All the Moon’s Motions, and to Scale! – 15 G
– Which One Is More Effective in Teaching the Phases of the Moon and Eclipses: Hands-On or Computer Simulation? – 18 G
Measuring Lunar Distances (And Those on Other Objects) With Google Earth Pro, Smartphone Photos and Spherical Geometry – 19 HC
Ecliptic Motions of the Sun and Moon – 21 G
Measuring the Moon’s Size and Distance with a Ball and a Total Eclipse – 25 GI
Results of Measuring the Moon’s Size and Distance during the March Eclipse – 26 GI

Asteroids

Rotating Potatoes (and light curves) – 6 HC
Rotato Redux! – 7 HC

Mars and its Probes

A Call to Join a Zooniverse Activity on CO2 effects on Mars and Earth – 4 G
A Tool For Comparing Mars and Earth – 8 G
What Can You Do With a Martian Eclipse? – 23 G

Satellites and Space Telescopes

Webb Telescope – VR Program – 3 HCIG
NASA StarShade Origami for Home Use – 7 G
Locating the James Webb Telescope at L2 – 16 HC

Telescopes, Earth Based

Virtual Radio Observatory Tours – 3 G
Virtual Goddard Tours – 10 G
Astronomy Remotely (Column) – 1. Remote Observing, Generally – 11 G
Astronomy Remotely – Observing with iTelescope, Part 1 – 13 G

Nebulae

Hubble’s Field Guide to Nebulae – 13 IG
Hubble’s Name That Nebula Game Site – 19 MH

Stars, General

Brightness, Color, Location – 1 G
Estimating Star Distances with a Light Bulb – 9 HC
Sound of a Supernova’s Structure – 10 IG
Teaching Activities Using Stellarium – 10 MHCG
Additional Exercises and Resources Using Stellarium – 10 MHCG
IAU-Shaw: Making Constellations Using Rubber Bands – 14 G
Students LOVE Black Holes and Destruction (Hubble Video) – 14 G
Observing Algol’s Eclipses with Brute Force Plotting – 17 G
Timing Pulsars: An Exercise in Statistical Analysis and the Scientific Process – 17 HC
Sounds of Black Holes (and other things) – 26 G

Stars with Exoplanets

Kepler’s Harmony of the Worlds adapted to Exoplanetary Systems–How many can you hear? – 5 G

Extraterrestrials and Life Elsewhere

NASA’s CoLD protocol for announcing Life and ETs – 12 HCG

The Milky Way and its Contents

When is the Milky Way not a Candy Bar? – 2 G
A Progression of Star Cluster – 18 GMHCI
Galactic Structure in the Winter Sky – 19 GIMHC

Cosmology and Other Galaxies

Educational Design Framework for a Web‑Based Interface to Visualise Authentic Cosmological ‘Big Data’ in High School – 8
(IAU-Shaw) What Can You Do With Spectra? (Hubble Expansion with Elastic Tape) – 13
IAU-Shaw: Tactile Galaxies, for Sighted and Visually Impaired Together – 14 G
Zooming Through the Hubble Ultra Deep Field Simulation – 17 G

Other Sciences and Society

Art and Science

Life on a Pale RED Dot (Using Infrared Photography to Simulate Life on planets around M Dwarf stars) – 6 HCG

Physics and Mathematics

Physics for the Masses: Teaching Einsteinian Gravity in Primary School – 10 EMH
IAU-Shaw: Gravity and Space-Time (Demonstration Devices with Stretched Sheets) – 14 MHCGI
Gravitational Wave Demonstrator – 14 I
The Inverse Square Smartphone – 15 HC
An Observational Project for a Large Class —Determination of the Duration of the Sidereal Day (Measurements and Statistics) – 17 C
Timing Pulsars: An Exercise in Statistical Analysis and the Scientific Process – 17 HC
Measuring Lunar Distances (And Those on Other Objects) With Google Earth Pro, Smartphone Photos and Spherical Geometry – 19 HC
“Bend It Like Dark Matter!”– Gravitational Jelly Lensing – 20 MH
A Comparison of Short and Long Einsteinian Physics Intervention Programmes in Middle School – 23 M

Editorial and Comments

Cosmos + 41 (How far have we come in Astro Ed, and Not) – 11

EDUCATION IN GENERAL

Teaching Techniques

Tactile Printing. Not Just for the Blind Anymore -2
Active Learning Basics – 2
Words, and How You Show Them, Matter -3
Tell Me a Story, Professor!  The use of historical stories in Physics (and Astronomy) – 4
Advice for External Teachers – 6
Virtual Primary Schooling Advice–Get Up and Dance! – 6 PE
Science Outreach with Seniors – 6 I
COVID-19 Precautions for Public Astronomy Education Sessions – 9 I
Smartphone Universes (Astronomy Apps for teaching specific concepts) – 15 HC
Students Learning Through Teaching (Teaching Units on Astronomers, a Concept, a Cosmic Place as a Tourism Spot) – 15 CG
Two RAP Sheet articles on Learning science through Drawing – 15 PEMH
Better Ways to Use Journal Clubs (RAP Sheet Article) – 16 GC
Assessing Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Understanding of Science Practices Using Children’s Astronomy Storybooks – 17 E
“Making What Already Exists Accessible,” Astronomy Labs for the Blind and Visually Impaired – 18 C
An Outdoor Project-Based Learning Program: Strategic Support and the Roles of Students with Visual Impairments Interested in STEM – 21 MH
Designing Physics Board Games: A Practical Guide for Educators (Includes Astronomy Game References) – 23 G
From Science to Stanzas, Astronomy Education Poetically Written, Part 1 – 25 MHC
From Science to Stanzas, Astronomy Education Poetically Written, Part 2 (Worked Out Examples, Poetic Forms and Example Usages) – 26 MHC

Planetariums

How College Planetariums are Used; – 7 C
Periodicity and Change: Talking about Time Inside the Planetarium Dome – 10

Calls for Assistance

An Imaging Tool for Color Impaired Students Needs Testers – 5
Testing Rubin Observatory Activities – 10

General – Miscellaneous

IAU’s Official List of Astronomy’s Connections to Other Human Endeavors – 4
The Gateway Science: a Review of Astronomy in the OECD School Curricula,
Including China and South Africa – 10 (Redux, in more detail – 22)
IAU-Shaw: Miscellaneous Things Noted (3D Printed Planets, Students Conceptions of Star Motions, Korean Teacher Training) – 14 G
The First Paragraph is as Good as it Gets (Wikipedia Articles) – 14
What Kids Think Activities are Like Real Science/Scientists – 15 E
History of Astronomy Education Journals, and the RAP Sheet – 17 G
Hubble’s Your Birthdate Photo Site – 19 G
A Deep Dive Into the WorldWide Telescope – 21 G
Making a WorldWide Telescope Tour – 23 GC

Events

Global Astronomy Month 2021 – 1
Global Astronomy Month 2022 – 23
Inspire Girls During World Space Week – 10
An Astronomy Cafe for Teens, and Soon for Teachers – 20
Observing Workshops for Undergraduates and HS Grads at Mt. Wilson – 23 C

Standards

Next Generation Science Standards in Astronomy, Part 1 – General Description – 4
Next Generation Science Standards in Astronomy, Part 2 – The Whole Course, and Mistakes – 5
Next Generation Science Standards in Astronomy, Part 3 – Some Physics – 6
Next Generation Science Standards in Astronomy, Part 4 – The Paradigms of Skills – 7
Next Generation Science Standards in Astronomy, Part 5 – The Missing Matters – 8

Teachers’ Understandings

Understanding of Teachers on Phases of the Moon and the Lunar Eclipse – 8
Teachers’ Conceptions About Science and Pseudoscience Distinguishing Astronomy from Astrology – 19

Dr. Andrew Fraknoi’s List of Free Astro Labs – 9 G
(Above Revised, Indexed, Annotated) – 23 C
Massively Resourceful Collections (BIG Resource Collections: Center for Astronomy Education, Astronomycenter.org, Andrew Fraknoi’s Resource Guides, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Apps and Simulations, Foothill College AstroSims) – 15 CG
Color Image and Video Collections – 16 G

Assessments

Knowledge of Sun and Star motions – 1
MOOCs – 1
QuaRCS – 3
Motivations and Attitudes of Attendees at Public Science Event Observing Sessions – 4 I
What works better for vocabulary? VR, 360 Annotated, or 2D? – 5
Science Center Visitors’ Interactions with Exhibits – 5 I
Observing Diaries for Astro 101 Classes – 7 C
Don’t Use That Clicker, Hand Me a Laser! Huh? – 12 C
How Eccentric is Earth’s Orbit and Where is the Sun? (Misconceptions Check) – 13 HCG
Development and Application of a Concept Test on the Subject of Stars – 14 C
Elementary School Children’s Explanations of Day and Night; An Interpretation Based on an Inferential Approach to Representations – 19 PE
Identifying Students’ Mental Models of the Apparent Motions of Sun and Stars (an In-Dome Assessment) – 23 HC